PhD fellow: Louise Marie Busck Lumholt
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
I come from Copenhagen in Denmark where I just recently finished my Master’s degree in agricultural development with primary focus on forest management and participatory approaches to natural resource governance. I spent six months in Arabuko-Sokoke forest in Coastal Kenya, collaborating with local NGOs and local authorities on an investigation of impacts from Participatory Forest Management in the area. I have been working for various environmental NGOs as well as doing municipal work with community involvement in urban planning.
My combined profile mirrors my interest in interdisciplinary research which I find essential to develop further to understand and solve the crosscutting challenges characterizing natural resource governance. I was determined to do my PhD through COUPLED because I believe that the concepts and principles communicated in the program offer an enabling research environment to collectively find ways to meet these challenges. COUPLED corresponds directly to my aspiration to participate in a research project that considers the interconnected nature of sustainability while contributing to strengthening collaboration and bridge building between the scientific environment and private and public organisations.
My PhD will focus on forestry projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) with an investigation of environmental impacts, social outcomes, and discursive and financial flows that influence project development. I will do so from an integrated approach, using qualitative and quantitative methods to investigate and analyse land use and land-use changes, do estimations of income/knowledge/capital related to the forest, and identify the links between policy decisions and project outcome.
My research will help fill out the knowledge gap about the dynamics between impacts associated with market-based approaches to conservation. I will prioritize continuous communication of the results to guide current and future project development in the forest sector.
From the 1980s and onwards, different factors have contributed to putting deforestation on an international political agenda. The Brundtland report in 1987 officially associated deforestation with ethics by using the term ‘’sustainable development’’ as a way of evolving without compromising the living standards for future generations. The report links environmental, social and economic objectives, a trinity reestablished during the United Nations Conference for Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio 1992. Alongside these negotiations, a broad range and variety of international non-governmental organizations have put sustainable development on their official agenda by financing and running sustainable development projects. In the case of forests, management has become a matter of complex collaboration between local, national and international stakeholders. The direct and indirect land use impacts of political influence from international stakeholders on local forest management is yet to be fully understood.
Against this background, this research project will:
- Study a World Bank-led forest management projects in Argentina to evaluate the resulting land-use changes in terms of their extent and management using forest cover/growth data and participatory discussions with community participants as indicators
- Examine the social outcomes of the projects (income, social capital, forest perception, etc.)
- Explore the influence of the stakeholder dynamics and the underlying incentives of participation in the project by carrying out in-depth interviews and long-term fieldwork and participant observation
- Analyse the discursive and financial flows that have eased (or undermined) project development and trace these to policy decisions of implementing and financing organizations. The analysis will be using secondary data on negotiations and funding of current projects and their predecessors and in situ data from questionnaires and interviews with project stakeholders
In doing so, the research project will create awareness and data on impacts and drivers of forest management projects driven by international donor agencies, provide evidence of land-use spill-over effects at project and regional level, and develop recommendations for future forest management strategies on how to ensure environmental protection.
Principal Supervisor: Esteve Corbera (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, ICTA – Institut de Ciènca i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Louise Marie Busck Lumholt
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, ICTA – Institut de Ciènca i Tecnologia Ambientals
UAB Campus, 08193 Bellaterra (Cerdanoyla del Vallès), Spain